Histogram with colored tail





This post describes how to build a histogram with colored tail. It follows the previous basic histogram. An if-else statement is made when the color argument is called. Annotation are also provided. See many other examples in the histogram section of the gallery. This example works with d3.js v4 and v6


Histogram section

Steps:

  • This plot follows the basic histogram post.

  • To change the color, simply pass an if-else statement when setting the fill argument of the rect.

  • Note that the annotation is easy to add as well, simply appending a line and a text.
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<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">

<!-- Load d3.js -->
<script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v4.js"></script>

<!-- Create a div where the graph will take place -->
<div id="my_dataviz"></div>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
        
<!-- Load d3.js -->
<script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v6.js"></script>
        
<!-- Create a div where the graph will take place -->
<div id="my_dataviz"></div>
    
<script>

// set the dimensions and margins of the graph
var margin = {top: 10, right: 30, bottom: 30, left: 40},
    width = 460 - margin.left - margin.right,
    height = 400 - margin.top - margin.bottom;

// append the svg object to the body of the page
var svg = d3.select("#my_dataviz")
  .append("svg")
    .attr("width", width + margin.left + margin.right)
    .attr("height", height + margin.top + margin.bottom)
  .append("g")
    .attr("transform",
          "translate(" + margin.left + "," + margin.top + ")");

// get the data
d3.csv("https://raw.githubusercontent.com/holtzy/data_to_viz/master/Example_dataset/1_OneNum.csv", function(data) {

  // X axis: scale and draw:
  var x = d3.scaleLinear()
      .domain([0, 1000])     // can use this instead of 1000 to have the max of data: d3.max(data, function(d) { return +d.price })
      .range([0, width]);
  svg.append("g")
      .attr("transform", "translate(0," + height + ")")
      .call(d3.axisBottom(x));

  // set the parameters for the histogram
  var histogram = d3.histogram()
      .value(function(d) { return d.price; })   // I need to give the vector of value
      .domain(x.domain())  // then the domain of the graphic
      .thresholds(x.ticks(70)); // then the numbers of bins

  // And apply this function to data to get the bins
  var bins = histogram(data);

  // Y axis: scale and draw:
  var y = d3.scaleLinear()
      .range([height, 0]);
      y.domain([0, d3.max(bins, function(d) { return d.length; })]);   // d3.hist has to be called before the Y axis obviously
  svg.append("g")
      .call(d3.axisLeft(y));

  // append the bar rectangles to the svg element
  svg.selectAll("rect")
      .data(bins)
      .enter()
      .append("rect")
        .attr("x", 1)
        .attr("transform", function(d) { return "translate(" + x(d.x0) + "," + y(d.length) + ")"; })
        .attr("width", function(d) { return x(d.x1) - x(d.x0) -1 ; })
        .attr("height", function(d) { return height - y(d.length); })
        .style("fill", function(d){ if(d.x0<140){return "orange"} else {return "#69b3a2"}})

  // Append a vertical line to highlight the separation
  svg
    .append("line")
      .attr("x1", x(140) )
      .attr("x2", x(140) )
      .attr("y1", y(0))
      .attr("y2", y(1600))
      .attr("stroke", "grey")
      .attr("stroke-dasharray", "4")
  svg
    .append("text")
    .attr("x", x(190))
    .attr("y", y(1400))
    .text("threshold: 140")
    .style("font-size", "15px")

});
</script>
<script>

// set the dimensions and margins of the graph
const margin = {top: 10, right: 30, bottom: 30, left: 40},
    width = 460 - margin.left - margin.right,
    height = 400 - margin.top - margin.bottom;

// append the svg object to the body of the page
const svg = d3.select("#my_dataviz")
  .append("svg")
    .attr("width", width + margin.left + margin.right)
    .attr("height", height + margin.top + margin.bottom)
  .append("g")
    .attr("transform", `translate(${margin.left},${margin.top})`);

// get the data
d3.csv("https://raw.githubusercontent.com/holtzy/data_to_viz/master/Example_dataset/1_OneNum.csv").then( function(data) {

  // X axis: scale and draw:
  const x = d3.scaleLinear()
      .domain([0, 1000])     // can use this instead of 1000 to have the max of data: d3.max(data, function(d) { return +d.price })
      .range([0, width]);
  svg.append("g")
      .attr("transform", `translate(0, ${height})`)
      .call(d3.axisBottom(x));

  // set the parameters for the histogram
  const histogram = d3.histogram()
      .value(function(d) { return d.price; })   // I need to give the vector of value
      .domain(x.domain())  // then the domain of the graphic
      .thresholds(x.ticks(70)); // then the numbers of bins

  // And apply this function to data to get the bins
  const bins = histogram(data);

  // Y axis: scale and draw:
  const y = d3.scaleLinear()
      .range([height, 0]);
      y.domain([0, d3.max(bins, function(d) { return d.length; })]);   // d3.hist has to be called before the Y axis obviously
  svg.append("g")
      .call(d3.axisLeft(y));

  // append the bar rectangles to the svg element
  svg.selectAll("rect")
      .data(bins)
      .join("rect")
        .attr("x", 1)
        .attr("transform", function(d) { return `translate(${x(d.x0)}, ${y(d.length)})`})
        .attr("width", function(d) { return x(d.x1) - x(d.x0)-1})
        .attr("height", function(d) { return height - y(d.length); })
        .style("fill", function(d){ if(d.x0<140){return "orange"} else {return "#69b3a2"}})

  // Append a vertical line to highlight the separation
  svg
    .append("line")
      .attr("x1", x(140) )
      .attr("x2", x(140) )
      .attr("y1", y(0))
      .attr("y2", y(1600))
      .attr("stroke", "grey")
      .attr("stroke-dasharray", "4")
  svg
    .append("text")
    .attr("x", x(190))
    .attr("y", y(1400))
    .text("threshold: 140")
    .style("font-size", "15px")

});
</script>

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