Line chart with confidence interval in d3.js





This post follows the previous basic line chart with d3.js. It simply describes how to add a confidence interval around the main line. See more line chart examples in the dedicated section. This example works with d3.js v4 and v6


Lineplot section

Steps:

  • Very similar to a basic line chart.

  • The dataset provides the upper and lower bounds of the confidence interval. Column names are CI_right and CI_left.

  • It is thus possible to use d3.area() to add the confidence interval around the line.

  • Note: it is a good practice to build the confidence interval before the line, to avoid overlapping issues.
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<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">

<!-- Load d3.js -->
<script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v4.js"></script>

<!-- Create a div where the graph will take place -->
<div id="my_dataviz"></div>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
        
<!-- Load d3.js -->
<script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v6.js"></script>
        
<!-- Create a div where the graph will take place -->
<div id="my_dataviz"></div>
    
<script>

// set the dimensions and margins of the graph
var margin = {top: 10, right: 30, bottom: 30, left: 60},
    width = 460 - margin.left - margin.right,
    height = 400 - margin.top - margin.bottom;

// append the svg object to the body of the page
var svg = d3.select("#my_dataviz")
  .append("svg")
    .attr("width", width + margin.left + margin.right)
    .attr("height", height + margin.top + margin.bottom)
  .append("g")
    .attr("transform",
          "translate(" + margin.left + "," + margin.top + ")");

//Read the data
d3.csv("https://raw.githubusercontent.com/holtzy/D3-graph-gallery/master/DATA/data_IC.csv",function(data) {

    // Add X axis --> it is a date format
    var x = d3.scaleLinear()
      .domain([1,100])
      .range([ 0, width ]);
    svg.append("g")
      .attr("transform", "translate(0," + height + ")")
      .call(d3.axisBottom(x));

    // Add Y axis
    var y = d3.scaleLinear()
      .domain([0, 13])
      .range([ height, 0 ]);
    svg.append("g")
      .call(d3.axisLeft(y));

    // Show confidence interval
    svg.append("path")
      .datum(data)
      .attr("fill", "#cce5df")
      .attr("stroke", "none")
      .attr("d", d3.area()
        .x(function(d) { return x(d.x) })
        .y0(function(d) { return y(d.CI_right) })
        .y1(function(d) { return y(d.CI_left) })
        )

    // Add the line
    svg
      .append("path")
      .datum(data)
      .attr("fill", "none")
      .attr("stroke", "steelblue")
      .attr("stroke-width", 1.5)
      .attr("d", d3.line()
        .x(function(d) { return x(d.x) })
        .y(function(d) { return y(d.y) })
        )

})

</script>
<script>

// set the dimensions and margins of the graph
const margin = {top: 10, right: 30, bottom: 30, left: 60},
    width = 460 - margin.left - margin.right,
    height = 400 - margin.top - margin.bottom;

// append the svg object to the body of the page
const svg = d3.select("#my_dataviz")
  .append("svg")
    .attr("width", width + margin.left + margin.right)
    .attr("height", height + margin.top + margin.bottom)
  .append("g")
    .attr("transform", `translate(${margin.left},${margin.top})`);

//Read the data
d3.csv("https://raw.githubusercontent.com/holtzy/D3-graph-gallery/master/DATA/data_IC.csv").then(function(data) {

    // Add X axis --> it is a date format
    const x = d3.scaleLinear()
      .domain([1,100])
      .range([ 0, width ]);
    svg.append("g")
      .attr("transform", `translate(0, ${height})`)
      .call(d3.axisBottom(x));

    // Add Y axis
    const y = d3.scaleLinear()
      .domain([0, 13])
      .range([ height, 0 ]);
    svg.append("g")
      .call(d3.axisLeft(y));

    // Show confidence interval
    svg.append("path")
      .datum(data)
      .attr("fill", "#cce5df")
      .attr("stroke", "none")
      .attr("d", d3.area()
        .x(function(d) { return x(d.x) })
        .y0(function(d) { return y(d.CI_right) })
        .y1(function(d) { return y(d.CI_left) })
        )

    // Add the line
    svg
      .append("path")
      .datum(data)
      .attr("fill", "none")
      .attr("stroke", "steelblue")
      .attr("stroke-width", 1.5)
      .attr("d", d3.line()
        .x(function(d) { return x(d.x) })
        .y(function(d) { return y(d.y) })
        )

})
</script>

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